Cotton is a natural fiber that grows around the seeds of a cotton plant. It is spun into thread and makes for a soft, breathable fabric.
Silk is a natural fiber made by insects such as the silk worm and spiders. The fabrics strength comes from the protein fibroin whilst the protein sericin gives silk its surface protection. The material is smooth, and handwashing is recommended.
Triacetate is a semi-synthetic fiber made from acetate and cellulose pulp. The fiber makes for a shrink and wrinkle resistant fabric which dries quickly. Triacetate has a silky feel and drapes well.
Viscose is a made of pine tree or wood cellulose. The fiber has good moisture absorption, but is sensitive. Viscose fabric is soft against the skin and easy to wash.
Polyester is an oil-based synthetic fiber. It does not wrinkle; it is easy to care for and keeps its shape well. Polyester is often mixed with cotton, wool and viscose.
Elastane, or lycra, is a synthetic stretch fiber known for its high elastic capacity. Elastane is never used alone in a garment. As little as two percent elastane may be enough for the garment to keep its shape better.